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The excavated section of the Palace, here seen on the plan, represents less than a hectare of the three that the complex covered, including buildings, open spaces, courtyards and an interior garden. The Palace followed the same orientation as Darius’s palace, towards which the eastern facade of the Hypostyle Hall faced (not preserved).
The organisation of the constructions contrasts with that of Darius’s Palace. While the Hypostyle Hall was partly isolated from the other buildings, to the back it opened onto a large open space, probably a garden, instead of giving access to a more closed residence. The porticoes, here one on each of the four sides, were all different; the one to the north (and the one to the south?) were shorter to create a room in their prolongation. The long, narrow room to the west, between the central room and the garden, does not exist elsewhere in Susa or Persepolis. In Building II, the courtyard covers more than one third of the surface. Building III is original in Susa, for it was built on a rectangular terrace of mud bricks. The construction plan has been recreated from the plan of the terrace.
The dozen or so inscribed fragments, which belong to column bases that were never found in situ, all refer to Artaxerxes II (404–359 BC), who most probably built this palace.
Plan of the excavated remains
Archives de la Maison Archéologie & Ethnologie, René-Ginouvès JP_V03_72
© Mission de Suse. Délégation archéologique française en Iran / Audran Labrousse